What is Biodiversity?
Biodiversity is the variety of all living things - the different plants, animals and micro-organisms, the genes they contain and the ecosystem of which they form a part.
An ecosystem refers to the complex networks formed by the interaction of animals and plants with each other and with their environment. Biodiversity is the web of life.
Biodiversity is considered at three distinct levels:
- genetic diversity - natural variation within and between species
- species diversity - the variety of organisms on earth
- ecosystem diversity - the variety of habitats, communities and ecological communities
Biodiversity is essential to our health and survival and provides benefits such as:
- ecosystem services which provide clean air to breathe and clean water to drink
- food and medicines
- social benefits for recreation and enjoyment of natural beauty
- promoting physical and mental health
Biodiversity in the Campbelltown Council Area
Our environments are very different from those once occupied by the Aboriginal people of the Kaurna nation. Much of the indigenous biodiversity first encountered by European settlers in the late 1830s has been lost. This occurred as we made way for agricultural pursuits and later residential developments.
Within the Campbelltown Council area the remaining biodiversity is largely restricted to small fragments in Council reserves and roadsides.
However, rich and diverse flora can still be found along the western foothills of the Mount Lofty Ranges. This is particularly true of the native vegetation found at the base of Black Hill, near Athelstone, and contained in Wadmore Park / Pulyonna Wirra.
Remnant vegetation also persists along the margins of Fifth Creek and the riparian reserves of Fourth Creek.
Less original biodiversity exists along Third Creek although some significant tree species remain.
Please click on Native Flora and Fauna Brochure(562 kb) brochure to view a beautifully illustrated brochure, with map guides, of Campbelltown's native flora and fauna. Created by Campbelltown Landcare with the support of Campbelltown City Council.
Biodiversity in Council Reserves
Protecting and expanding areas of indigenous vegetation in Council reserves is an important part of conserving our biodiversity. To prioritise this work, Council has surveyed and identified a number of reserves that are significant for biodiversity conservation. Council's maintenance of these biodiversity reserves includes revegetation with local indigenous plant species and partnerships with community based groups, and other government and non-government groups for the management of indigenous vegetation.
Wadmore Park / Pulyonna Wirra
Wadmore Park / Pulyonna Wirra, situated in the suburb of Athelstone and covering approximately 30 hectares, is an important community asset. The Park will be retained and protected for the enjoyment of the community and visitors today and in the future. The Park is surrounded on its western, northern and eastern boundaries by residential land uses. On the southern boundary is Foxfield Oval Reserve, the Black Hill Conservation Park and the NRM SA Black Hill regional office.
Wadmore Park / Pulyonna Wirra is the subject of a five-year Management Plan, adopted by Council in 2003, to protect the indigenous vegetation and biodiversity value of the Park. To view the Plan click on the Wadmore Park Management Plan 2013 - 2018.
Council's vision for the park, as stated in the Management Plan, is:
"To protect and enhance the park’s biodiversity whilst providing opportunities for low impact recreational pursuits consistent with the protection, appreciation and enjoyment of the natural environment."
In recognition of the importance of the Park as an example of remnant and local indigenous biodiversity, the Urban Forest Biodiversity project assisted Council to develop a Vegetation Action Plan for the Park. The Plan recommends specific management actions to be undertaken to protect threatened plant species and manage priority weeds. The Vegetation Action Plan will guide the work of Council and Campbelltown Landcare in protecting the Park's biodiversity.
Check out the Walking in Wadmore(2963 kb) brochure for more information about the park.
Council's Biodiversity Garden
Council, with funding support from the Urban Forest Million Trees Program, has developed a biodiversity garden on the corner of Montacute and Newton Roads, Campbelltown. The biodiversity garden was developed by converting a general Council reserve into an indigenous garden to showcase local indigenous plant species.
The use of indigenous plant species in a landscape setting demonstrates to the community and visitors the potential of locally indigenous species in home gardens. This project supports Council's current efforts to promote indigenous plant species through the Backyard Biodiversity Booklet (1147 kb) and the Garden Weeds and Bushland Invaders Booklet (5171 kb).
In the future, the garden will provide a seed source for local indigenous plant species which can be collected and propagated for use in other Council reserves.